Psychometrics is concerned with theory and techniques of psychological measurement.
Psychometricians have also worked collaboratively with those in the field of statistics and
quantitative methods to develop improved ways to organize, analyze, and scale
corresponding data. Since much functionality is already contained in base R and there
is considerable overlap between tools for psychometry and tools
described in other views, particularly in
SocialSciences,
we only give a brief overview of packages that are closely related to
psychometric methodology.
Please let me know
if I have omitted
something of importance, or if a new package or function
should be mentioned here.
Item Response Theory (IRT):

The
eRm
package fits extended Rasch models, i.e. the ordinary
Rasch model for dichotomous data (RM), the linear logistic test model
(LLTM), the rating scale model (RSM) and its linear extension (LRSM),
the partial credit model (PCM) and its linear extension (LPCM) using
conditional ML estimation. Missing values are allowed.

The package
ltm
also fits the simple RM. Additionally,
functions for estimating Birnbaum's 2 and 3parameter models based on a
marginal ML approach are implemented as well as the graded response
model for polytomous data, and the linear multidimensional logistic
model.

The
mirt
estimates dichotomous and polytomous response data using
unidimensional and multidimensional latent trait models under the IRT paradigm. Exploratory and confirmatory models can be
estimated with quadrature (EM) or stochastic (MHRM) methods. Confirmatory bifactor and twotier analyses are available for
modeling item testlets. Multiple group analysis and mixed effects designs also are available for detecting differential item functioning
and modeling item and person covariates.

TAM
fits unidimensional and multidimensional item response models and also includes multifaceted models,
latent regression models and options for drawing plausible values.

PLmixed
fits (generalized) linear mixed models (GLMM) with factor structures.

MLCIRTwithin
provides a flexible framework for the estimation of discrete twotier IRT models for the analysis of dichotomous and ordinal polytomous item responses.

IRTShiny
provides an interactive shiny application for IRT analysis.

Some additional uni and multidimensional item response models (especially for locally dependent item responses) and
some exploratory methods (DETECT, LSDM, modelbased reliability) are included in
sirt.

The
pcIRT
estimates the multidimensional polytomous Rasch model and the Mueller's continuous rating scale model.

An implementation of the partial credit model with response styles is given in the
PCMRS.

MultiLCIRT
estimates IRT models under (1) multidimensionality assumption, (2) discreteness of
latent traits, (3) binary and ordinal polytomous items.

Conditional maximum likelihood estimation via the EM algorithm and
informationcriterionbased model selection in binary mixed Rasch models are
implemented in the
psychomix
package.
The
mixRasch
package estimates mixture Rasch models, including the
dichotomous Rasch model, the rating scale model, and the partial credit model.

The
PP
package includes estimation of (MLE, WLE, MAP, EAP, ROBUST) person parameters for the 1,2,3,4PL model and the
GPCM (generalized partial credit model). The parameters are estimated under the assumption that the item parameters are known and fixed.
The package is useful e.g. in the case that items from an item pool/item bank with known item parameters are administered to a new
population of testtakers and an ability estimation for every testtaker is needed.

The
equateIRT
package computes direct, chain and average (bisector) equating coefficients with
standard errors using Item Response Theory (IRT) methods for dichotomous items.
equateMultiple
can be used for equating of multiple forms using IRT methods.

kequate
implements the kernel method of test equating using the CB, EG, SG, NEAT CE/PSE and NEC designs, supporting gaussian, logistic and uniform
kernels and unsmoothed and presmoothed input data.

The
EstCRM
package calibrates the parameters for Samejima's
Continuous IRT Model via EM algorithm and Maximum Likelihood. It allows to
compute item fit residual statistics, to draw empirical 3D item category
response curves, to draw theoretical 3D item category response curves, and to
generate data under the CRM for simulation studies.

The
difR
package contains several traditional methods to detect DIF in dichotomously scored items. Both uniform and nonuniform DIF effects can
be detected, with methods relying upon item response models or not. Some methods deal with more than one focal group.

The package
lordif
provides a logistic regression framework for detecting various types of DIF.

DIFlasso
implements a penalty approach to differential item functioning in Rasch models. It can handle settings with multiple (metric) covariates.

GPCMlasso
provides a function to detect DIF in generalized partial credit models (GPCM).

DIFtree
performs recursive partitioning for simultaneous selection of items and variables that induce DIF in dichotomous or polytomous items.

DIFboost
can be used for DIF detection in Rasch models by boosting techniques.

A set of functions to perform differential item and item functioning analyses is implemented
in the
DFIT
package. It includes functions to use the Monte Carlo item parameter replication (IPR) approach
for obtaining the associated statistical significance tests cutoff points.

The
difNLR
package uses nonlinear regression to estimate DIF.

The
catR
package allows for computarized adaptive testing using
IRT methods.

The
mirtCAT
package provides tools to generate an HTML interface for creating adaptive and nonadaptive educational and psychological tests
using the shiny package. Suitable for applying unidimensional and multidimensional computerized adaptive tests using IRT methodology and
for creating simple questionnaires forms to collect response data directly in R.

xxIRT
is implementation of related to IRT and computerbased testing.

The package
plRasch
computes maximum likelihood estimates and
pseudolikelihood estimates of parameters of Rasch models for polytomous
(or dichotomous) items and multiple (or single) latent traits. Robust
standard errors for the pseudolikelihood estimates are also computed.

The
irtplay
package fits unidimensional IRT models to mixture of dichotomous and polytomous models
using MML with EMalgorithm.

Explicit calculation (not estimation) of Rasch item parameters (dichotomous and polytomous) by means of a pairwise comparison approach
can be done using the
pairwise
package.

Multilevel Rasch models can be estimated using
lme4,
nlme, and
MCMCglmm
with crossed or
partially crossed random effects.
GLMMRR
adds some flexibility in terms of link functions, whereas
ordinal
can be used for polytomous models. An infrastructure for
estimating treestructured item response models of the GLMM family using
lme4
is provided in
irtrees.

Nonparametric IRT analysis can be computed by means if the
mokken
package. It includes an automated item selection algorithm, and various checks of model assumptions.

Nonparametric IRT for nonmonotonic IRFs of proximity data can be fitted using the
mudfold
package.

RaschSampler
allows the construction of exact Rasch model tests by generating random zeroone matrices with given marginals.

Statistical power simulation for testing the Rasch model based on a threeway ANOVA design with mixed classification can be carried out using
pwrRasch.

The
irtProb
package is designed to estimate multidimensional subject parameters (MLE and MAP) such as personal pseudoguessing, personal fluctuation, personal inattention. These supplemental parameters
can be used to assess person fit, to identify misfit type, to generate misfitting response patterns, or to make correction while estimating the proficiency level considering potential misfit at the same time.

Tools to assess model fit and identify misfitting items for Rasch models and PCMS are implemented in
iarm.
It includes item fit statistics, ICCs, itemrestscore association, conditional likelihood ratio tests, assessment of measurement error,
estimates of the reliability and test targeting.

cacIRT
computes classification accuracy and consistency under Item Response Theory.
Implements total score and latent trait IRT methods as well as total score kernelsmoothed methods.

The package
irtoys
provides a simple common interface to the
estimation of item parameters in IRT models for binary responses with three
different programs (ICL, BILOGMG, and ltm, and a variety of functions useful
with IRT models.

The
CDM
estimates several cognitive diagnosis models (DINA, DINO, GDINA, RRUM, LCDM, pGDINA, mcDINA), the general diagnostic model (GDM)
and structured latent class analysis (SLCA).

Gaussian ordination, related to logistic IRT and also approximated as
maximum likelihood estimation through canonical correspondence analysis
is implemented in various forms in the package
VGAM.

emIRT
provides various EMalgorithms IRT models (binary and ordinal responses, along with dynamic and hierarchical models).

immer
implements some item response models for multiple ratings, including the hierarchical rater model and a wrapper function to the commercial FACETS program.

The
latdiag
package produces commands to drive the dot program
from graphviz to produce a
graph useful in deciding whether a set of binary items might have a latent
scale with noncrossing ICCs.

The purpose of the
rpf
package is to factor out logic and math
common to IRT fitting, diagnostics, and analysis. It is envisioned as core
support code suitable for more specialized IRT packages to build upon.

WrightMap
provides graphical tools for plotting itemperson maps.

irtDemo
includes a collection of shiny applications to demonstrate or to explore fundamental IRT concepts.
ifaTools
is a shiny interface to IRT with
OpenMx.

IRT utility functions described in the Baker/Kim book are included in
birtr.

Convenience functions to use and automate IRT modeling for judgement data are implemented in
jrt.

The
conquestr
package allows users to call ACER ConQuest from within R.
Correspondence Analysis (CA), Optimal Scaling:

The package
ca
comprises two parts, one for simple
correspondence analysis and one for multiple and joint correspondence
analysis.

Simple and canonical CA are provided by the package
anacor, including confidence ellipsoids. It
allows for different scaling methods such as standard scaling, Benzecri scaling,
centroid scaling, and Goodman scaling.

Homogeneity analysis aka multiple CA and various Gifi extensions can be
computed by means of the
Gifi
package, which replaces
homals. This package includes various other optimal scaling methods such as
Morals (monotone regression), Princals (nonlinear PCA), Overals (nonlinear canonical correlation analysis), etc.

Simple and multiple correspondence analysis can be performed using
corresp()
and
mca()
in package
MASS.

The package
ade4
contains an extensive set of
functions covering, e.g., principal components, simple and multiple,
fuzzy, non symmetric, and decentered correspondence
analysis. Additional functionality is provided at
Bioconductor
in
the package
made4
(see also
here
).

The package
cocorresp
fits predictive and symmetric
cocorrespondence analysis (CoCA) models to relate one data matrix to
another data matrix.

Apart from several factor analytic methods
FactoMineR
performs CA including supplementary row and/or
column points and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) with
supplementary individuals, supplementary quantitative variables and
supplementary qualitative variables.

Package
vegan
supports all basic ordination methods, including
nonmetric multidimensional scaling. The constrained ordination methods
include constrained analysis of proximities, redundancy analysis, and
constrained (canonical) and partially constrained correspondence
analysis.

cabootcrs
computes bootstrap confidence regions for CA.

cncaGUI
implements a GUI with which users can construct and interact with canonical (nonsymmetrical) CA.

SVD based multivariate exploratory methods such as PCA, CA, MCA
(as well as a Hellinger form of CA), generalized PCA are implemented in
ExPosition.
The package also allows for supplementary data projection.

cds
can be used for constrained dual scaling for detecting response styles.

CAvariants
provides six variants of twoway CA: simple, singly ordered, doubly ordered, nonsymmetrical, singly ordered nonsymmetrical ca, and doubly ordered nonsymmetrical.

MCAvariants
provides MCA and ordered MCA via orthogonal polynomials.

Specific and class specific MCA on surveylike data can be fitted using
soc.ca.

optiscale
provides tools for performing an optimal scaling transformation on a data vector.

A general framework of optimal scaling methods is implemented in the
aspect.
Factor Analysis (FA), Principal Component Analysis (PCA):

Exploratory FA is the package stats as function
factanal()
and
fa()
and
fa.poly()
(ordinal data) in
psych.

esaBcv
estimates the number of latent factors and factor matrix.

SparseFactorAnalysis
scales count and binary data with sparse FA.

EFAutilities
computes robust standard errors and factor correlations under a variety of conditions.

faoutlier
implements influential case detection methods for FA and SEM.

The package
psych
includes functions such as
fa.parallel()
and
VSS()
for estimating the
appropriate number of factors/components as well as
ICLUST()
for item clustering.

PCA can be fitted with
prcomp()
(based on
svd(), preferred) as well as
princomp()
(based on
eigen()
for compatibility with
SPLUS). Additional rotation methods for FA based on gradient projection algorithms can be found in the package
GPArotation. The package
nFactors
produces a nongraphical solution to the Cattell scree test. Some graphical PCA representations
can be found in the
psy
package.
paran
implements Horn's test of principal components/factors.

FA and PCA with supplementary individuals and supplementary quantitative/qualitative variables
can be performed using the
FactoMineR
package whereas
MCMCpack
has some options for sampling from
the posterior for ordinal and mixed factor models.

The
Gifi
package implements Princals, a PCA version for mixedscale level input data.

nsprcomp
and
elasticnet
fit sparse PCA.

Threeway PCA models (Tucker, Parafac/Candecomp) can be fitted using
PTAk,
ThreeWay, and
multiway.

Independent component analysis (ICA) can be computed using
fastICA,
ica,
eegkit
(designed for EEG data), and
AnalyzeFMRI
(designed
for fMRI data).

A desired number of robust principal components can be computed with the
pcaPP
package.

bpca
implements 2D and 3D biplots of multivariate data based on PCA and diagnostic tools of the quality of the reduction.

missMDA
provides imputation of incomplete continuous or categorical datasets in principal component analysis (PCA),
multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) model, or multiple factor analysis (MFA) model.
Structural Equation Models (SEM):

The package
lavaan
can be used to estimate a large variety of
multivariate statistical models, including path analysis, confirmatory factor
analysis, structural equation modeling and growth curve models. It includes the
lavaan model syntax which allows users to express their models in a compact way
and allows for ML, GLS, WLS, robust ML using SatorraBentler corrections, and
FIML for data with missing values. It fully supports for meanstructures and
multiple groups and reports standardized solutions, fit measures, modification
indices and more as output.

The
OpenMx
package allows for the
estimation of a wide variety of advanced multivariate statistical models. It
consists of a library of functions and optimizers that allow you to quickly and
flexibly define an SEM model and estimate parameters given observed data.

The
sem
package fits general (i.e., latentvariable) SEMs by
FIML, and structural equations in observedvariable models by 2SLS. Categorical
variables in SEMs can be accommodated via the
polycor
package.

lslx
fits semiconfirmatory SEM via penalized likelihood with elastic net or minimax concave penalty.

The
lavaan.survey
package allows for complex survey structural equation modeling (SEM). It fits structural equation models (SEM) including factor analysis, multivariate regression models with latent variables and many other latent variable models while correcting estimates, standard errors, and chisquarederived fit measures for a complex sampling design. It incorporates clustering, stratification, sampling weights, and finite population corrections into a SEM analysis.

The
nlsem
package fits nonlinear structural equation mixture models using the EM algorithm. Three different approaches are
implemented: LMS (Latent Moderated Structural Equations), SEMM (Structural Equation Mixture Models), and NSEMM (Nonlinear
Structural Equations Mixture Models).

A collection of functions for conducting metaanalysis using a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach via OpenMx is provided by
the
metaSEM
package.

A general implementation of a computational framework for latent variable models (including structural equation models) is given in
lava.

The
pls
package can be used for partial leastsquares estimation. The package
semPLS
fits structural equation models using partial
least squares (PLS). The PLS approach is referred to as softmodeling technique requiring no distributional assumptions on the observed data.

simsem
is a package designed to aid in Monte Carlo simulations using SEM (for methodological investigations, power analyses and much more).

Sim.DiffProc
provides a framework for parallelized Monte Carlo simulationestimation in multidimensional continuoustime models, which have been implemented as SEM.

semTools
is a package of add on functions that can aid in fitting
SEMs in R (for example one function automates imputing missing data, running
imputed datasets and combining the results from these datasets).

semPlot
produces path diagrams and visual analysis for outputs of various SEM packages.

plotSEMM
for graphing nonlinear relations among latent variables from structural equation mixture models.

SEMModComp
conducts tests of difference in fit for mean and
covariance structure models as in SEM.

semdiag
and
influence.SEM
implements outlier, leverage diagnostics, and case influence for SEM.

gSEM
conducts semisupervised generalized SEM and
piecewiseSEM
fits piecewise SEM.

rsem
implements robust SEM with missing data and auxiliary variables.

regsem
performs Regularization on SEM and
sparseSEM
implements sparseaware ML for SEM.

lsl
conducts SEM via penalized likelihood (latent structure learning).

MIIVsem
contains functions for estimating structural equation models using instrumental variables.

The
systemfit
package implements a wider variety of estimators for observedvariables models, including nonlinear simultaneousequations models.

STARTS
contains functions for estimating the STARTS model.

Interfaces between R and other SEM software:
REQS,
MplusAutomation, and
lisrelToR.
Multidimensional Scaling (MDS):

The
smacof
package provides many approaches to metric and nonmetric MDS, including extensions for MDS with external constraints, spherical MDS,
asymmetric MDS, threeway MDS (INDSCAL/IDIOSCAL), BentlerWeeks model, unidimensional scaling, Procrustes, inverse MDS.

MASS
and stats provide functionalities for computing classical MDS using the
cmdscale()
function. Sammon mapping
sammon()
and nonmetric MDS
isoMDS()
are other relevant functions.

Nonmetric MDS can also be computed with
metaMDS()
in
vegan. Furthermore,
labdsv
and
ecodist
provide the function
nmds()
and some routines can be found in
xgobi. Also, the
ExPosition
implements a function for metric MDS.

Principal coordinate analysis can be computed with
capscale()
in
vegan; in
labdsv
and
ecodist
using
pco()
and
with
dudi.pco()
in
ade4.

INDSCAL is also implemented in the
SensoMineR
package.

The package
MLDS
allows for the computation of maximum likelihood difference scaling (MLDS).

DistatisR
implements the DiSTATIS/CovSTATIS 3way metric MDS approach.

Symbolic MDS for intervalvalued dissimilarities (hypersphere and hyperbox model) can be fitted with the
smds
package.

Supervised MDS is implemented in
superMDS.

munfold
provides functions for metric unfolding.

The
asymmetry
package implements the slidevector model for asymmetric MDS.

semds
fits asymmetric and threeway MDS within an SEM framework.

cops
performs cluster optimized proximity scaling which refers to MDS methods that aim at pronouncing the clustered appearance of the configuration.
Classical Test Theory (CTT):

The
CTT
package can be used to perform a variety of tasks and
analyses
associated with classical test theory: score multiplechoice responses,
perform reliability analyses,
conduct item analyses, and transform scores onto different scales.

Functions for correlation theory, metaanalysis (validity generalization),
reliability, item analysis, interrater reliability, and classical utility are
contained in the
psychometric
package.

For multilevel model ICC for slope heterogeneity see
iccbeta.

An interactive shiny application for CTT is provided by
CTTShiny.

The
cocron
package provides functions to statistically compare two or more alpha coefficients based
on either dependent or independent groups of individuals.

The
CMC
package calculates and plots the stepbystep
CronbachMesbach curve, that is a method, based on the Cronbach alpha
coefficient of reliability, for checking the unidimensionality of a measurement
scale.

The
betafunctions
package includes an implementation of the socalled "Livingston and Lewis" approach to
classification accuracy and consistency.

Cronbach alpha, kappa coefficients, and intraclass correlation coefficients
(ICC) can be found in the
psy
package. Functions for ICC computation can be also found in the packages
psych,
psychometric
and
ICC.

A number of routines for scale construction and reliability analysis useful
for personality and experimental psychology are contained in the
package
psych.

subscore
can be used for computing subscores in CTT and IRT.

The quantifying construct validity procedure is implemented in
qcv.
Knowledge Structure Analysis:

DAKS
provides functions and example datasets for the
psychometric theory of knowledge
spaces. This package implements data analysis methods and procedures for
simulating data and
transforming different formulations in knowledge space theory.

The
kst
package contains basic functionality to generate, handle,
and manipulate deterministic knowledge structures based on sets and relations.
Functions for fitting probabilistic knowledge structures are included in the
pks
package.
Latent Class and Profile Analysis:

LCA with random effects can be performed with the package
randomLCA. In addition, the package
e1071
provides the function
lca(). Another package is
poLCA
for polytomous variable latent class analysis.
LCA can also be fitted using
flexmix
which optionally allows for the inclusion of concomitant variables and latent class regression.

LCAvarsel
implements variable selection for LCA.

covLCA
fits latent class models with covariate effects on underlying and measured variables.

lcda
fits latent class discriminant analysis.

tidyLPA
is a userfriendly implementation of latent profile analysis.

ClustVarLV
clusters variables around latent variables.
Paired Comparisons, Rankings, Ratings:

BradleyTerry models for paired comparisons are implemented in the package
BradleyTerry2
and in
eba. The latter allows for the computation of eliminationbyaspects models.

Recursive partitioning trees for BradleyTerry models are implemented in
psychotree.

BTLLasso
allows one to include subjectspecific and objectspecific covariates into paired comparison models shrinks the effects using Lasso.

prefmod
fits loglinear BradleyTerry models (LLBT) and pattern models for paired comparisons, rankings, and ratings.

pcFactorStan
provides convenience functions and preprogrammed Stan models related to the pairwise comparison factor model.

PLMIX
fits finite mixtures of PlackettLuce models for partial top rankings/orderings within the Bayesian framework.

A variety of unfolding techniques for rankings and ratings are implemented in
smacof.

Thurstonian IRT models for forcedchoice items can be fitted with
thurstonianIRT
and
kcirt.
Network Psychometrics:

Estimation of a sparse inverse covariance matrix using a lasso penalty (graphical lasso) can be achieved using
glasso.

networktools
includes assorted tools for network analysis (bridge centrality, impact, and goldbricker).

Bootstrap methods to assess accuracy and stability of estimated network structures and centrality indices are implemented in
bootnet.

Permutation tests for network comparisons are implemented in
NetworkComparisonTest.

Modelbased recursive partitioning for networks:
networktree.

Network structures for multilevel and graphical vector autoregression models can be obtain using
mlVAR
and
graphicalVAR.

mgm
estimates timevarying korder mixed graphical models.

EstimateGroupNetwork
can be used to simultaneously estimate networks from different groups or classes via joint graphical lasso.

Various implementations for Ising models:
IsingSampler,
elasticIsing, and
IsingFit.

lvnet
simultaneously estimates factor and network models.

Approaches for SEM and Confirmatory Network Analysis are implemented in
psychonetrics. This includes multigroup (dynamic) SEM in combination with confirmatory network models from crosssectional,
timeseries and panel data.

Network models for longitudinal data estimated within an SEM framework:
gimme.

The
qgraph
package can be used to visualize data as networks.

NetworkToolbox
implements network analysis and graph theory measures used in neuroscience, cognitive science, and psychology.
Methods include various filtering methods and approaches such as threshold, dependency, information filtering networks, and efficiencycost optimization.

Methods and Measures for semantic network analysis including partial node bootstrapping and significance tests:
SemNeT.

An exploratory graph analysis framework for dimensionality assessment is implemented in
EGAnet.
Bayesian Psychometrics:

blavaan
fits a variety of Bayesian latent variable models, including confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation models, and latent growth curve models.

BayesFM
computes Bayesian exploratory factor analysis. The number of factors is determined during MCMC sampling.

An analytical framework for latent variables with different Bayesian learning methods, including the partially confirmatory factor analysis and partially
confirmatory IRT is implemented in
LAWBL.

Bayesian approaches for estimating item and person parameters by means of GibbsSampling are included in
MCMCpack.
In addition, the
pscl
package allows for Bayesian IRT and roll call analysis.

LNIRT
is a package for lognormal response time IRT modeling for responses and response times, estimated with MCMC.

edstan
provides convenience functions and preprogrammed Stan models related to IRT.

fourPNO
can be used for Bayesian 4PL IRT estimation.

Simulationbased Bayesian inference for IRT latent traits can be performed using
ltbayes.

Gibbs sampling for Bayesian estimation of (Exploratory) Reduced Reparameterized Unified Models are implemented in
rrum
and
errum.

For Bayesian estimation of the (exploratory) DINA (deterministic input, noisy and gate) see
dina
and
edina.

Data package containing coded item and q matrices used in various psychometric publications:
edmdata.

BayesLCA
implements Bayesian LCA.
Other Related Packages:

The
psychotools
provides an infrastructure for psychometric modeling such as data classes (e.g., for paired comparisons) and basic model
fitting functions (e.g., for Rasch and BradleyTerry models).

quickpsy
is a package developed to quickly fit and plot psychometric functions for multiple conditions.

cNORM
provides methods for generating regression based continuous norms. The approach does not rely on prior distribution assumptions and is thus nonparametric, but it can be combined with BoxCox power transformations for semiparametrically modelling the data as well.

A system for the management, assessment, and psychometric analysis of data from educational and psychological tests is implemented in
dexter, with multistage test calibration in
dexterMST.

Psychometric mixture models based on flexmix infrastructure are provided by
means of the
psychomix
package (at the moment Rasch mixture models
and BradleyTerry mixture models).

The
equate
package contains functions for nonIRT equating under
both random groups and nonequivalent groups with anchor test designs. Mean,
linear, equipercentile and circlearc equating are supported, as are methods for
univariate and bivariate presmoothing of score distributions. Specific equating
methods currently supported include Tucker, Levine observed score, Levine true
score, Braun/Holland, frequency estimation, and chained equating.

The
CopyDetect
package contains several IRT and nonIRT based
statistical indices proposed in the literature for detecting answer copying on
multiplechoice examinations.

Interactive shiny application for analysis of educational tests and their items are provided by the
ShinyItemAnalysis
package.

Coefficients for interrater reliability and agreements can be computed with the
irr.

Psychophysical data can be analyzed with the
psyphy
package.

Functions and example datasets for Fechnerian scaling of discrete object
sets are provided by
fechner. It computes Fechnerian
distances among objects representing subjective dissimilarities, and other
related information.

The
modelfree
package provides functions for nonparametric
estimation of a psychometric function and for estimation of a derived threshold
and slope, and their standard deviations and confidence intervals.

Confidence intervals for standardized effect sizes: The
MBESS
package.

The
mediation
allows both parametric and nonparametric causal mediation analysis.
It also allows researchers to conduct sensitivity analysis for certain parametric models.

Functions for data screening, testing moderation, mediation, and estimating
power are contained in the
QuantPsyc
package.

The package
multiplex
is especially designed for social networks with relations at
different levels. In this sense, the program has effective ways to treat multiple networks data
sets with routines that combine algebraic structures like the partially ordered semigroup
with the existing relational bundles found in multiple networks. An algebraic approach for twomode networks is made
through Galois derivations between families of the pair of subsets.

Social Relations Analyses for round robin designs are implemented in the
TripleR
package. It implements all functionality of the SOREMO
software, and provides new functions like the handling of missing values,
significance tests for single groups, or the calculation of the self enhancement
index.

Fitting and testing multinomial processing tree models, a class of statistical
models for categorical data with latent parameters, can be performed using the
mpt
package. These parameters are the link probabilities of a
treelike graph and represent the cognitive processing steps executed to arrive
at observable response categories.The
MPTinR
package provides a
userfriendly way for analysis of multinomial processing tree (MPT) models.
The
TreeBUGS
package provides userfriendly methods to fit Bayesian hierarchical MPT models
(betaMPT and latenttrait MPT) and implements posteriorpredictive checks, summary plots, correlations and regressions for personlevel MPT parameters.

Beta regression for modeling betadistributed dependent variables, e.g., rates
and proportions, is available in
betareg.

The
cocor
package provides functions to compare two correlations based on either dependent or independent groups.

The
profileR
package provides a set of tools that implement profile analysis and crossvalidation techniques.

The
TestScorer
package provides a GUI for entering test items and obtaining raw and transformed scores. The results are shown on the console and can be saved to a
tabular text file for further statistical analysis. The user can define his own tests and scoring procedures through a GUI.

wCorr
calculates Pearson, Spearman, tetrachoric polychoric, and polyserial correlation coefficients, in weighted or unweighted form.

The
gtheory
package fits univariate and multivariate generalizability theory (Gtheory) models.

The
GDINA
package estimates various cognitive diagnosis models (CDMs) within the generalized deterministic inputs, noisy and gate (GDINA) model and the sequential GDINA model framework. It can also be used to conduct Qmatrix validation, item and model fit statistics, model comparison at the test and item level and differential item functioning. A graphical user interface is also provided.

Simulation routines for cognitive diagnostic model DINA and rRUM are implemented in
simcdm.

TestDataImputation
for missing item responses imputation for test and assessment data.

lba
performs latent budget analysis for compositional data (twoway contingency table with an exploratory variable and a response variable)

fuzzyreg
implements multiple methods to fit fuzzy linear regression. Models using fuzzy set theory are suitable for analysis of trait data in situations when the model is indefinite, relationships between model variables are vague, sample size is low or measurements are hierarchically structured.

LAM
includes some procedures for latent variable modeling with a particular focus on multilevel data.

psychTools
contains tools to accompany the
psych
package.

ata
provides a collection of psychometric methods to process item metadataand use target assessment and measurement blueprint constraints to assemble a test form.

TestDesign
implements optimal test design approaches for fixed and adaptive test construction.